Salers originated in the south central region of France - the Auverne, in the heart of the volcanic area of the Massif Central. This isolated, mountainous area is noted for its rough terrain and harsh climate. The topography and climate limitations allow little cereal grain production in the Salers region. Thus, Salers have become foragers with BRED-IN RANGE-ABILITY to utilize, almost entirely, native grasses in summer and hay in winter. Bred for centuries in this isolated area, the breed has been far removed from any outside genetic influence and is considered to be one of the oldest and genetically pure of all European breeds. In 1840 the breed took its name from the small medieval town of Salers.